From

These ten silver Greco-Bactrian coins are part of the nearly 2,000 silver and gold coins recovered in a National Geographic project. The coins are among the many Afghan museum artifacts saved from 25 years of war and political upheaval.

From the famous Kunduz hoard in northern Afghanistan, the coins make up a virtual portrait gallery of the kings, starting with rulers in the fifth century B.C.

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of Plato, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c. 166 BCE), ruler of of Bactria and Sogdiana

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Coin of

Silver tetradrachm of Maues, Indo-Scythian ruler (c. 85 BC - c. 60 BC)

Silver tetradrachm of

Silver tetradrachm of

Silver tetradrachm of

Roman coin of

Diam. 1.9 cm, National Museum of Afghanistan, Kabul

Roman coin of Tiberius - Tillya Tepe,

coin of

coin of

Silver tetradrachm of

coin of

coin of Vima Taktu, Kushan ruler (c. 80-105 CE), bronze

coin of Vima Kadphises, Kushan ruler (c. 105-127 CE), gold

coin of Kanishka I, Kushan ruler (c. 127-147 CE), gold

coin of

coin of

coin of Hormozd I (Great) Kushānshāhānshāh, Indo-Sassanid ruler (circa 265 - 295)

coin of Varhran, Kidarite ruler (c. 425-? CE)

coin of

Coin of

Obv: Rider bearing lance on caparisoned horse facing right.Devnagari Legends: 'bhi '?.

Rev:Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on bull's rump, Devnagari Legends: Sri Samanta Deva.

**Aryana Encyclopedia**From the famous Kunduz hoard in northern Afghanistan, the coins make up a virtual portrait gallery of the kings, starting with rulers in the fifth century B.C.

**Euthydemus I**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c. 223 BCE - c.200 BCE), ruler of Bactria, Sogdiana, Ferghana, Arachosia.

**Euthydemus II**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c. 223 BCE - c.200 BCE) and (c.180 BCE), ruler of Bactria

**Antimachus I**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c.185 BCE - c. 170 BCE), ruler of Bactria, Paropamisadae, Arachosia

**Eucratides I**, The most powerful of the Greco-Bactrian rulers (c.170 BCE - c. 145 BCE), ruler of Bactria, Sogdiana, Paropamisadae, Arachosia and Gandhara

**Eucratides I**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c.170 BCE - c. 145 BCE), ruler of Bactria, Sogdiana, Paropamisadae, Arachosia and Gandhara

**Eucratides II**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c.145 BCE - c. 140 BCE), ruler of Bactria and Sogdiana

**Heliocles I**, Greco-Bactrian ruler (c.145 BCE - c. 130 BCE), ruler of of Bactria and Sogdiana

**Agathocles**, Indo-Greek ruler (c.190 BCE - c. 180 BCE), ruler of Paropamisadae

**Agathocles**, Indo-Greek ruler (c.190 BCE - c. 180 BCE), ruler of Paropamisadae

**Apollodotus I**, Indo-Greek ruler (c.180 BCE - c. 160 BCE), ruler of Paropamisadae, Arachosia and Gandhara

**Coin of Menander I**, Indo-Greek ruler (c.155 BCE - c. 130 BCE), ruler of Paropamisadae, Arachosia and Gandhara

**Zoilos I**, Indo-Greek ruler (c.130 BCE - c. 120 BCE), ruler of Paropamisadae and Arachosia

**Agathokleia**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 130 BC - c. 120 BC), ruler of Gandhara

**Lysias**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 120 BC - c. 110 BC), ruler of Paropamisadae and Arachosia

**Antialcidas**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 110 BC - c. 100 BC), ruler of Paropamisadae and Arachosia

**Demetrius III**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 100 BC), ruler of Gandhara

**Philoxenus**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 100 BC - c. 95 BC), ruler of Paropamisadae, Arachosia and Gandhara

**Theophilos**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 90 BC), ruler of Paropamisadae

**Menander II**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 90 BC - c. 85 BC), ruler of Arachosia and Gandhara

**Hermaeus**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 90 BC - c. 70 BC), ruler of Paropamisadae

**Archebios**, Indo-Greek ruler (c. 90 BC - c. 70 BC), ruler of Arachosia and Gandhara

**Vonones**, Indo-Scythian ruler (c. 75 BC - c. 65 BC)

**Azes I**, Indo-Scythian ruler (c. 57 BC - c. 35 BC)

**Azilises**, Indo-Scythian ruler (c. 57 BC - c. 35 BC)

**Tiberius**- Tillya Tepe,

**Tomb III**, A.D. 14-37, Gold

Diam. 1.9 cm, National Museum of Afghanistan, Kabul

**Tomb III**, A.D. 14-37, Gold, Diam. 1.9 cm, National Museum of Afghanistan, Kabul

**Gondophares**, founder of Indo-Parthian kingdom, Indo-Parthian ruler (20-50 AD CE)

**Abdagases I**, Indo-Parthian ruler, ruled during the first decades of the first century AD

**Heraios**, clan chief of the Kushans, one of the five constituent tribes of the Yuezhi confederacy in Bactria in the early first century CE, Kushan ruler (c. 1-30 CE)

**Kujula Kadphises**, Kushan ruler (c. 30-80 CE)

**Vasudeva I**, Kushan ruler (c. 191 - c. 230 CE), gold

**Hormozd I**(Great) Kushānshāhānshāh (meaning king of kings), Indo-Sassanid ruler (circa 265 - 295)

**Malka**, Hephtalite ruler (c. 475-576)

**Samanta Deva**, Shahi Kings of Kabul & Gandhara (circa AD 850-1000),

Obv: Rider bearing lance on caparisoned horse facing right.Devnagari Legends: 'bhi '?.

Rev:Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on bull's rump, Devnagari Legends: Sri Samanta Deva.